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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
September 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period
from ________ to ________
Commission file number: 001-38855
___________________________________
Nasdaq, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware52-1165937
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
151 W. 42nd Street,New York,New York10036
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: +1 212 401 8700
No Changes
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareNDAQThe Nasdaq Stock Market
0.900% Senior Notes due 2033NDAQ33The Nasdaq Stock Market
0.875% Senior Notes due 2030NDAQ30The Nasdaq Stock Market
1.75% Senior Notes due 2029NDAQ29The Nasdaq Stock Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No    
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
ClassOutstanding at October 25, 2022
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share491,279,526 shares





Nasdaq, Inc.
  
Page  
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1.
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
 
Item 3.
 
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.



i


About this Form 10-Q
Throughout this Form 10-Q, unless otherwise specified:
“Nasdaq,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Nasdaq, Inc.
“Nasdaq Baltic” refers to collectively, Nasdaq Tallinn AS, Nasdaq Riga, AS, and AB Nasdaq Vilnius.
“Nasdaq BX” refers to the cash equity exchange operated by Nasdaq BX, Inc.
“Nasdaq BX Options” refers to the options exchange operated by Nasdaq BX, Inc.
“Nasdaq Clearing” refers to the clearing operations conducted by Nasdaq Clearing AB.
“Nasdaq CXC” and “Nasdaq CX2” refer to the Canadian cash equity trading books operated by Nasdaq CXC Limited.
“Nasdaq First North” refers to our alternative marketplaces for smaller companies and growth companies in the Nordic and Baltic regions.
“Nasdaq GEMX” refers to the options exchange operated by Nasdaq GEMX, LLC.
“Nasdaq ISE” refers to the options exchange operated by Nasdaq ISE, LLC. 
“Nasdaq MRX” refers to the options exchange operated by Nasdaq MRX, LLC. 
“Nasdaq Nordic” refers to collectively, Nasdaq Clearing AB, Nasdaq Stockholm AB, Nasdaq Copenhagen A/S, Nasdaq Helsinki Ltd, and Nasdaq Iceland hf.
“Nasdaq PHLX” refers to the options exchange operated by Nasdaq PHLX LLC.
“Nasdaq PSX” refers to the cash equity exchange operated by Nasdaq PHLX LLC.
“The Nasdaq Options Market” refers to the options exchange operated by The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.
“The Nasdaq Stock Market” refers to the cash equity exchange and listing venue operated by The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.
Nasdaq also provides as a tool for the reader the following list of abbreviations and acronyms that are used throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
2020 Credit Facility: $1.25 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility, which matures on December 22, 2025
2022 Notes: $600 million aggregate principal amount of 0.445% senior unsecured notes due December 21, 2022
2024 Notes: $500 million aggregate principal amount of 4.25% senior unsecured notes, repaid in full and terminated in April 2022
2026 Notes: $500 million aggregate principal amount of 3.85% senior unsecured notes due June 30, 2026
2029 Notes: €600 million aggregate principal amount of 1.75% senior unsecured notes due March 28, 2029
2030 Notes: €600 million aggregate principal amount of 0.875% senior unsecured notes due February 13, 2030
2031 Notes: $650 million aggregate principal amount of 1.650% senior unsecured notes due January 15, 2031
2033 Notes: €615 million aggregate principal amount of 0.900% senior unsecured notes due July 30, 2033
2040 Notes: $650 million aggregate principal amount of 2.500% senior unsecured notes due December 21, 2040
2050 Notes: $500 million aggregate principal amount of 3.25% senior unsecured notes due April 28, 2050
2052 Notes: $550 million aggregate principal amount of 3.950% senior unsecured notes due March 7, 2052
ARR: Annualized Recurring Revenue
ASR: Accelerated Share Repurchase
AUM: Assets Under Management
CCP: Central Counterparty
CFTC: Commodity Futures Trading Commission
EMIR: European Market Infrastructure Regulation
Equity Plan: Nasdaq Equity Incentive Plan
ESG: Environmental, Social and Governance
ESPP: Nasdaq Employee Stock Purchase Plan
ETF: Exchange Traded Fund
ETP: Exchange Traded Product
Exchange Act: Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
FICC: Fixed Income and Commodities Trading and Clearing
FINRA: Financial Industry Regulatory Authority
IPO: Initial Public Offering
LIBOR: London Interbank Offered Rate
NFF: Nasdaq Financial Framework; Nasdaq's end-to-end technology solutions for market infrastructure operators, buy-side firms, sell-side firms and other non-financial markets
NPM: The NASDAQ Private Market, LLC
NSCC: National Securities Clearing Corporation
OCC: The Options Clearing Corporation
OTC: Over-the-Counter
PSU: Performance Share Unit
Reg NMS: Regulation National Market System
SaaS: Software as a Service
ii


SEC: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
SERP: Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan
SFSA: Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority
S&P: Standard & Poor’s
S&P 500: S&P 500 Stock Index
SPAC: Special Purpose Acquisition Company
TSR: Total Shareholder Return
U.S. GAAP: U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
NASDAQ, the NASDAQ logos, and other brand, service or product names or marks referred to in this report are trademarks or service marks, registered or otherwise, of Nasdaq, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries. FINRA and Trade Reporting Facility are registered trademarks of FINRA.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes market share and industry data that we obtained from industry publications and surveys, reports of governmental agencies and internal company surveys. Industry publications and surveys generally state that the information they contain has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but we cannot assure you that this information is accurate or complete. We have not independently verified any of the data from third-party sources nor have we ascertained the underlying economic assumptions relied upon therein. Statements as to
our market position are based on the most currently available market data. For market comparison purposes, The Nasdaq Stock Market data in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for IPOs is based on data generated internally by us; therefore, the data may not be comparable to other publicly-available IPO data. Data in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for new listings of equity securities on The Nasdaq Stock Market is based on data generated internally by us, which includes issuers that switched from other listing venues, closed-end funds and ETPs. Data in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for IPOs and new listings of equity securities on the Nasdaq Nordic and Nasdaq Baltic exchanges and Nasdaq First North also is based on data generated internally by us. IPOs and new listings data is presented as of period end. While we are not aware of any misstatements regarding industry data presented herein, our estimates involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors. We refer you to the “Risk Factors” section in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 that was filed with the SEC on May 4, 2022 and the "Risk Factors" section in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 that was filed with the SEC on February 23, 2022. 
Nasdaq intends to use its website, ir.nasdaq.com, as a means for disclosing material non-public information and for complying with SEC Regulation FD and other disclosure obligations.
iii


Forward-Looking Statements
The SEC encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains these types of statements. Words such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “anticipates,” “envisions,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and words or terms of similar substance used in connection with any discussion of future expectations as to industry and regulatory developments or business initiatives and strategies, future operating results or financial performance, and other future developments are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These include, among others, statements relating to:
our strategic direction, including anticipated changes to our corporate structure;
the integration of acquired businesses, including accounting decisions relating thereto;
the scope, nature or impact of acquisitions, divestitures, investments, joint ventures or other transactional activities;
the effective dates for, and expected benefits of, ongoing initiatives, including transactional activities and other strategic, restructuring, technology, de-leveraging and capital return initiatives, including our stock split;
our products and services;
the impact of pricing changes;
tax matters;
the cost and availability of liquidity and capital; and
any litigation, or any regulatory or government investigation or action, to which we are or could become a party or which may affect us.
Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements include, among others, the following:
our operating results may be lower than expected;
our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses or divest sold businesses or assets, including the fact that any integration or transition may be more difficult, time consuming or costly than expected, and we may be unable to realize synergies from business combinations, acquisitions, divestitures or other transactional activities;
loss of significant trading and clearing volumes or values, fees, market share, listed companies, market data customers or other customers;
our ability to develop and grow our non-trading businesses, including our technology, analytics, ESG and anti-financial crime offerings;
our ability to keep up with rapid technological advances and adequately address cybersecurity risks;


economic, political and market conditions and fluctuations, including inflation, interest rate and foreign currency risk inherent in U.S. and international operations, and geopolitical instability arising from the Russian invasion of Ukraine;
the performance and reliability of our technology and technology of third parties on which we rely;
any significant error in our operational processes;
our ability to continue to generate cash and manage our indebtedness; and
adverse changes that may occur in the litigation or regulatory areas, or in the securities markets generally, or increased regulatory oversight domestically or internationally.
Most of these factors are difficult to predict accurately and are generally beyond our control. You should consider the uncertainty and any risk related to forward-looking statements that we make. These risk factors are more fully described in our "Risk Factors" section in our Form 10-K that was filed with the SEC on February 23, 2022, and supplemented in the “Risk Factors” section in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 that was filed with the SEC on May 4, 2022. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. You should carefully read this entire Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including “Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements or report the occurrence of unanticipated events. For any forward-looking statements contained in any document, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
iv


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Nasdaq, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions, except share and par value amounts)
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Assets(unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$301 $393 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents51 29 
Default funds and margin deposits (including restricted cash and cash equivalents of $8,882 and $5,074, respectively)
9,507 5,911 
Financial investments129 208 
Receivables, net638 588 
Other current assets225 294 
Total current assets10,851 7,423 
Property and equipment, net518 509 
Goodwill7,946 8,433 
Intangible assets, net2,583 2,813 
Operating lease assets448 366 
Other non-current assets595 571 
Total assets$22,941 $20,115 
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$189 $185 
Section 31 fees payable to SEC62 62 
Accrued personnel costs205 252 
Deferred revenue415 329 
Other current liabilities158 115 
Default funds and margin deposits9,507 5,911 
Short-term debt799 1,018 
Total current liabilities11,335 7,872 
Long-term debt4,573 4,812 
Deferred tax liabilities, net470 406 
Operating lease liabilities456 386 
Other non-current liabilities223 234 
Total liabilities17,057 13,710 
Commitments and contingencies
Equity
Nasdaq stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 900,000,000 shares authorized, shares issued: 512,714,970 at September 30, 2022 and 520,256,817 at December 31, 2021; shares outstanding: 491,234,455 at September 30, 2022 and 500,038,905 at December 31, 2021
5 5 
Additional paid-in capital1,408 1,949 
Common stock in treasury, at cost: 21,480,515 shares at September 30, 2022 and 20,217,912 shares at December 31, 2021
(510)(437)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,092)(1,587)
Retained earnings7,064 6,465 
Total Nasdaq stockholders’ equity5,875 6,395 
Noncontrolling interests9 10 
Total equity5,884 6,405 
Total liabilities and equity$22,941 $20,115 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
1


Nasdaq, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Revenues:   
Market Technology$132 $114 $387 $332 
Investment Intelligence284 272 851 787 
Corporate Platforms168 155 504 451 
Market Services972 811 2,892 2,813 
Other revenues1 5 10 36 
Total revenues1,557 1,357 4,644 4,419 
Transaction-based expenses:    
Transaction rebates(494)(472)(1,605)(1,642)
Brokerage, clearance and exchange fees(173)(47)(364)(243)
Revenues less transaction-based expenses890 838 2,675 2,534 
Operating expenses:    
Compensation and benefits249 230 750 700 
Professional and contract services34 36 97 101 
Computer operations and data communications50 47 150 137 
Occupancy25 27 78 81 
General, administrative and other38 42 94 66 
Marketing and advertising10 12 31 32 
Depreciation and amortization63 67 195 197 
Regulatory9 8 24 22 
Merger and strategic initiatives14 13 41 70 
Restructuring charges   31 
Total operating expenses492 482 1,460 1,437 
Operating income398 356 1,215 1,097 
Interest income2  3 1 
Interest expense(32)(33)(96)(95)
Net gain on divestiture of business   84 
Other income6 42 8 43 
Net income from unconsolidated investees8 6 23 90 
Income before income taxes382 371 1,153 1,220 
Income tax provision88 83 270 292 
Net income294 288883 928 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  1  
Net income attributable to Nasdaq$294 $288 $884 $928 
Per share information:    
Basic earnings per share$0.60 $0.57 $1.79 $1.87 
Diluted earnings per share$0.59 $0.56 $1.77 $1.84 
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.20 $0.18 $0.58 $0.52 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


Nasdaq, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Net income$294 $288 $883 $928 
Other comprehensive loss:   
Foreign currency translation losses(155)(45)(428)(112)
Income tax expense(1)
(32)(14)(77)(31)
Foreign currency translation, net(187)(59)(505)(143)
Comprehensive income107 229 378 785 
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  1  
Comprehensive income attributable to Nasdaq$107 $229 $379 $785 
____________
(1)    Primarily relates to the tax effect of unrealized gains and losses on Euro denominated notes.



See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Nasdaq, Inc. 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Shares$Shares$Shares$Shares$
Common stock491 5 508 5 500 5 495 5 
Additional paid-in capital
Beginning balance1,382 2,432 1,949 2,544 
Share repurchase program— — — — (11)(308)(8)(410)
ASR agreement(1)
— — (6)(475) (325)(6)(475)
Share-based compensation26 23 3 76 3 66 
Stock option exercises, net— — — 1 
Other issuances of common stock, net(2)
— — 16 19254 
Ending balance1,408 1,980 1,408 1,980 
Common stock in treasury, at cost
Beginning balance(509)(423)(437)(376)
Other employee stock activity— (1)— (2)(1)(73)(1)(49)
Ending balance(510)(425)(510)(425)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
Beginning balance(1,905)(1,452)(1,587)(1,368)
Other comprehensive loss(187)(59)(505)(143)
Ending balance(2,092)(1,511)(2,092)(1,511)
Retained earnings
Beginning balance6,869 6,098 6,465 5,628 
Net income attributable to Nasdaq294 288 884 928 
Cash dividends declared per common share(99)(90)(285)(260)
Ending balance7,064 6,296 7,064 6,296 
Total Nasdaq stockholders’ equity5,875 6,345 5,875 6,345 
Noncontrolling interests
Beginning balance9 11 10 3 
Net activity related to noncontrolling interests
— (1)(1)7 
Ending balance9 10 9 10 
Total Equity491 $5,884 502 $6,355 491 $5,884 502 $6,355 
____________
(1)    See “ASR Agreement,” of Note 11, “Nasdaq Stockholders’ Equity,” for further discussion.
(2)    In 2021, other issuances of common stock primarily related to shares accelerated and issued upon the sale of our U.S. Fixed Income business.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


Nasdaq, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$883 $928 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization195 197 
Share-based compensation76 66 
Deferred income taxes17 94 
Extinguishment of debt16 33 
Net gain on divestiture of business (84)
Net income from unconsolidated investees(23)(90)
Other reconciling items included in net income7 9 
Net change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
Receivables, net(69)32 
Other assets41 (142)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses27 (4)
Section 31 fees payable to SEC (210)
Accrued personnel costs(33)(5)
Deferred revenue86 138 
Other liabilities(1)
(11)(263)
Net cash provided by operating activities1,212 699 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of securities(263)(269)
Proceeds from sales and redemptions of securities305 266 
Proceeds from divestiture of business, net of cash divested 190 
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash and cash equivalents acquired(41)(2,430)
Purchases of property and equipment(118)(113)
Investments related to default funds and margin deposits, net(2)
44 (92)
Other investing activities48 (84)
Net cash used in investing activities(25)(2,532)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from (repayments of) commercial paper, net(221)480 
Repayments of borrowings under our credit commitment (499)(804)
Payment of debt extinguishment cost(16)(33)
Proceeds from issuances of debt, net of issuance costs and utilization of credit commitment541 826 
Repurchases of common stock(308)(410)
ASR agreement(325)(475)
Dividends paid(285)(260)
Proceeds received from employee stock activity and other issuances16 17 
Payments related to employee shares withheld for taxes(73)(49)
Default funds and margin deposits5,446 489 
Other financing activities(1)7 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities4,275 (212)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents(1,724)(186)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents3,738 (2,231)
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
5,496 5,979 
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period$9,234 $3,748 
Reconciliation of Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents$301 $303 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents51 29 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents (default funds and margin deposits)8,882 3,416 
Total$9,234 $3,748 
Supplemental Disclosure Cash Flow Information
Interest paid$83 $79 
Income taxes paid, net of refund(1)
$204 $425 
__________________________
(1)    Includes payment of an acquired tax liability in the second quarter of 2021 related to the Verafin acquisition. See “2021 Acquisition,” of Note 4, “Acquisitions and Divestiture,” for further discussion.
(2)    Includes purchases and proceeds from sales and redemptions related to the default funds and margin deposits of our clearing operations. For further information, see "Default Fund Contributions and Margin Deposits," within Note 14, "Clearing Operations."
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


Nasdaq, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1. ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS
Nasdaq is a global technology company serving the capital markets and other industries. Our diverse offerings of data, analytics, software and services enable clients to optimize and execute their business vision with confidence.
We manage, operate and provide our products and services in four business segments: Market Technology, Investment Intelligence, Corporate Platforms, and Market Services.
Market Technology
Our Market Technology segment is a leading global technology solutions provider and partner to exchanges, clearing organizations, central securities depositories, regulators, banks, brokers, buy-side firms and corporate businesses. Our solutions are utilized by leading markets in the U.S., Europe and Asia as well as emerging markets in the Middle East, Latin America, and Africa. The Market Technology segment includes our Anti Financial Crime Technology and our Market Infrastructure Technology businesses.
Our Anti Financial Crime Technology business includes our Verafin SaaS anti-financial crime management solution that offers a cloud-based platform to help detect, investigate, and report money laundering and fraud. Verafin also offers targeted sanctions screening solutions that help banks manage sanctions, including those imposed against Russia, and is developing new capabilities to detect evasion-based typologies. Verafin has expanded its offering to crypto-native anti-financial crime solutions, providing monitoring for both traditional finance and blockchain risks. Our Nasdaq Trade Surveillance is a SaaS solution designed for brokers and other market participants, and Market Surveillance is a solution for market infrastructure operators. Both are designed to assist in complying with market rules, regulations and internal market surveillance policies. In the first quarter of 2022, we reclassified Nasdaq Risk Platform revenues from Anti Financial Crime Technology to Market Infrastructure Technology. Total Market Technology segment revenues were unchanged.
Our Market Infrastructure Technology business powers market infrastructure operators and new market clients globally, and handles a wide array of assets, including but not limited to cash equities, equity derivatives, currencies, various interest-bearing securities, commodities, energy products and digital currencies. Our solutions can also be used in the creation of new asset classes, for non-capital markets customers, including those in insurance liabilities securitization, cryptocurrencies and sports wagering.
Investment Intelligence
Our Investment Intelligence segment includes our Market Data, Index and Analytics businesses.
Our Market Data business sells and distributes historical and real-time market data to the sell-side, the institutional investing community, retail online brokers, proprietary trading firms, other venues, internet portals and data distributors. Our market data products can enhance transparency of market activity within our exchanges and provide critical information to professional and non-professional investors globally. Additionally, our Nasdaq Cloud Data Service provided on our Data Link data dissemination platform provides a flexible and efficient method of delivery for real-time exchange data and other financial information.
Our Index business develops and licenses Nasdaq-branded indexes. We also license cash-settled options, futures and options on futures on our indexes. As of September 30, 2022, 374 ETPs listed on 26 exchanges in over 20 countries tracked a Nasdaq index and accounted for $311 billion in AUM.
Our Analytics business provides asset managers, investment consultants and institutional asset owners with information and analytics to make data-driven investment decisions and deploy their resources more productively. We also provide liquidity solutions for private funds. Through our eVestment offerings, we provide a suite of cloud-based solutions that help institutional investors and consultants conduct pre-investment due diligence, and monitor their portfolios post-investment. The eVestment platform also enables asset managers to efficiently distribute information about their firms and funds to asset owners and consultants worldwide. Through the Solovis platform, endowments, foundations, pensions and family offices transform how they collect and aggregate investment data, analyze portfolio performance, model and predict future outcomes, and share meaningful portfolio insights with key stakeholders. The Nasdaq Fund Network and Nasdaq Data Link are additional platforms in our suite of investment data analytics offerings and data management tools. The Nasdaq Fund Network offers fund data services that deliver transparency to investable products through the collection and dissemination of performance, net asset value, valuation, and strategy-level reference data. Nasdaq Data Link strengthens our position as a leading source for financial, economic, and alternative datasets. For investment management firms, investment banks and other investors, the platform powers data-driven decision-making for users across the globe via universal application programming interfaces, and provides for highly efficient data discovery and delivery.
6


Corporate Platforms
Our Corporate Platforms segment includes our Listing Services and IR & ESG Services businesses. These businesses deliver critical capital market and ESG solutions across the lifecycle of public and private companies.
Our Listing Services business includes our U.S. and European Listing Services businesses. We operate a variety of listing platforms around the world to provide multiple global capital raising solutions for public companies. Our main listing markets are The Nasdaq Stock Market and the Nasdaq Nordic and Nasdaq Baltic exchanges. Through Nasdaq First North, our Nordic and Baltic operations also offer alternative marketplaces for smaller companies and growth companies. In July 2021, we contributed our NPM business, which was included in our Listing Services business, to a standalone, independent company, of which we own the largest minority interest, together with a consortium of third-party financial institutions. The NPM business provides liquidity solutions for private companies to enable employees, investors, and companies to execute transactions.
As of September 30, 2022, there were 4,296 total listings on The Nasdaq Stock Market, including 501 ETPs. The combined market capitalization was approximately $19.3 trillion. In Europe, the Nasdaq Nordic and Nasdaq Baltic exchanges, together with Nasdaq First North, were home to 1,253 listed companies with a combined market capitalization of approximately $1.5 trillion.
We also operate a U.S. Corporate Bond exchange for the listing of corporate bonds. This exchange operates pursuant to The Nasdaq Stock Market exchange license and is powered by the NFF. As of September 30, 2022, 103 corporate bonds were listed on the Corporate Bond exchange. We continue to develop the Nasdaq Sustainable Bond Network, a platform for increased transparency in the global sustainable bond markets.
Our IR & ESG Services include our portfolio of products and services that support corporations’ investor relations and ESG functions. Our clients include both public and private companies and organizations. Our public company clients can be companies listed on our exchanges or other U.S. and global exchanges. Our private company clients include a diverse group of organizations ranging from family owned companies, government organizations, law firms, privately held entities, various non-profit organizations to hospitals and health care systems. We help organizations enhance their ability to understand and expand their global shareholder base, improve corporate governance, and navigate the evolving ESG landscape through our suite of advanced technology, analytics, reporting and consultative services. In June 2022, we acquired Metrio Software Inc., or Metrio, a provider of ESG data collection, analytics and reporting services based in Montreal, Canada. We plan to integrate Metrio’s SaaS platform into our suite of ESG solutions.
Market Services
Our Market Services segment includes our Equity Derivative Trading and Clearing, Cash Equity Trading, FICC and Trade Management Services businesses. We operate multiple exchanges and other marketplace facilities across several asset classes, including derivatives, commodities, cash equity, debt, structured products and ETPs. In addition, in certain countries where we operate exchanges, we also provide clearing, settlement and central depository services. In June 2022, we completed the wind-down of our Nordic broker services business.
Our transaction-based platforms provide market participants with the ability to access, process, display and integrate orders and quotes. The platforms allow the routing and execution of buy and sell orders as well as the reporting of transactions, providing fee-based revenues.
In the U.S., we operate six options exchanges and three cash equity exchanges. The Nasdaq Stock Market, the largest of our cash equities exchanges, is the largest single venue of liquidity for trading U.S.-listed cash equities.
In Canada, we operate an exchange with three independent markets for the trading of Canadian-listed securities: Nasdaq Canada CXC, Nasdaq Canada CX2 and Nasdaq Canada CXD.
In Europe, we operate exchanges in Stockholm (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark), Helsinki (Finland), and Reykjavik (Iceland), as well as the clearing operations of Nasdaq Clearing, as Nasdaq Nordic. We also operate exchanges in Tallinn (Estonia), Riga (Latvia) and Vilnius (Lithuania) as Nasdaq Baltic. Collectively, Nasdaq Nordic and Nasdaq Baltic offer trading in cash equities, depository receipts, warrants, convertibles, rights, fund units and ETFs, as well as trading and clearing of equity derivatives, fixed income and commodity products. We also own a majority stake in Puro.earth, a Finnish-based leading marketplace for carbon removal.
Nasdaq Fixed Income provides a wide range of products and services, such as trading and clearing, for fixed income products in Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia.
Nasdaq Commodities is the brand name for Nasdaq’s European commodity-related products and services. Nasdaq Commodities’ offerings include derivatives in power, natural gas and carbon emission markets, seafood, electricity certificates and clearing services. These products are listed on Nasdaq Oslo ASA, except for seafood, which is listed on Fishpool, a third-party platform.
In June 2021, we sold our U.S. Fixed Income business, which included an electronic platform for the trading of U.S. Treasuries. See “2021 Divestiture” of Note 4, “Acquisitions and Divestiture,” for further discussion.
7


Through our Trade Management Services business, we provide market participants with a wide variety of alternatives for connecting to and accessing our markets. Our marketplaces may be accessed via a number of different protocols used for quoting, order entry, trade reporting, and connectivity to various data feeds. In 2021, we launched WorkX, an upgraded version of Nasdaq Workstation, a front-end interface that allows market participants to report OTC transactions, monitor trade compliance and clear securities subject to Reg NMS. WorkX enables a seamless workflow and enhanced trade intelligence. In the Nordics we provide a similar browser based trading application called Nasdaq Nordic Trader. In addition, we offer a variety of add-on compliance tools to help firms comply with regulatory requirements.
We provide colocation services to market participants, whereby we offer firms cabinet space and power to house their own equipment and servers within our data centers. Additionally, we offer a number of wireless connectivity offerings between select data centers using millimeter wave and microwave technology.
2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
The condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and include the accounts of Nasdaq, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and other entities in which Nasdaq has a controlling financial interest. When we do not have a controlling interest in an entity, but exercise significant influence over the entity’s operating and financial policies, such investment is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. We recognize our share of earnings or losses of an equity method investee based on our ownership percentage. See “Equity Method Investments,” of Note 6, “Investments,” for further discussion of our equity method investments.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results. These adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
As permitted under U.S. GAAP, certain footnotes or other financial information can be condensed or omitted in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements. The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Nasdaq’s Form 10-K. The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
During the fourth quarter of 2021, we began adjusting the presentation of cash and cash equivalents held within default funds and margin deposits on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows from operating activities, to present them as restricted cash and cash equivalents with the associated changes being included within cash flows from investing and financing activities. These balances cannot be used to satisfy operating or other liabilities. See Note 14, “Clearing Operations,” for further discussion of the default funds and margin deposits.
Prior period amounts have also been adjusted to conform to current period presentation. This immaterial adjustment had no impact on our previously reported Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. The table below presents a summary of the as reported and adjusted amounts relating to the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
As ReportedAdjustmentAdjusted
(in millions)
Net cash provided by operating activities$699 $ $699 
Net cash used in investing activities(2,440)(92)(2,532)
Net cash used in financing activities(701)489 (212)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents(8)(178)(186)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents(2,450)219 (2,231)
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period2,782 3,197 5,979 
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period$332 $3,416 $3,748 
Reconciliation of Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents$303 $ $303 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents29  29 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents (default funds and margin deposits) 3,416 3,416 
Total$